Not far from the capital of Great Britain, next to the mystical county of Devonshire in the Salisbury Valley, there is an ancient monument – Stonehenge. It dates from the 3rd millennium BC. Pass and not notice this place is impossible. Stonehenge is represented by several huge stone blocks arranged in a certain order.
Who built Stonehenge and why?
One legend says that the complex was built at the behest of the wizard Merlin during the reign of King Arthur. When the Saxons attacked England, many leaders were killed. All were buried in the Salisbury Valley. The wizard Merlin turned to the king and proposed to build a ritual ring of stones of power on this place, and then all the dead will come to life. Arthur agreed, but the problem was that these stones were more than 200 kilometers from the valley in Ireland and their weight varied from 50 to 500 tons. The wizard managed to persuade the king that these stones are magic and have power, and people were ordered to deliver these stones to the valley. How long did it take? According to scientists, more than one hundred years.
According to another version, Stonehenge was built by the Druids and was used as an observatory to determine the phases of the sun and moon. And this version can take place, but it was not the Druids who built it. They appeared on this earth much later, when the complex was already there.
Stonehenge is the most mystical place in the world. A photo
How was Stonehenge built?
The construction of the complex took about 200 years. It was built in several stages. At the place where the tourist camp is currently located, recesses were found in which there were wooden poles. On these pillars stood a large monument that has not survived to this day.
In the center was a green stone called the altar. Around this stone were wooden structures in the shape of a crescent. Later they dug up and replaced with blue stones. Two of them are preserved at present. One is called a calcaneal stone. If you face him on the day of the solstice, you can see how a ray of light comes out of it. Another blue stone was not far from the heel, but now it is littered.
Around the place where the monument now stands, there was a moat that was littered with horns and bones of animals. Based on this, we can say that the rites were held there.
Then 56 holes were dug in a circle and filled with chalk. Why they were intended to be difficult to judge, but it is possible that the movement of the sun was determined by these holes. In later times, these holes were used to bury the ashes after cremation. During excavations, remains were found in them. Whether the complex was a burial ground or a place of sacrifice will remain a mystery.
Around the altar were huge blocks of stone in a certain order. On some of them are horizontal stones. According to some versions, these were the druid gallows.
Before installation, the stones were processed in several stages:
Handling by blows and fire. The stones acquired the desired shape and strength.
Grinding. Lumps were ground at the installation site. According to some versions, after grinding, they acquired a white color. Natural conditions have brought them to their present form.
Until now, not all parts of the complex have reached, but there are people who claim that despite the ruined appearance of the stones, the complex was still restored in the 80s of the 20th century. And there is even evidence for that. Many artists painted their paintings from the complex and the order of the stones there was a bit different. There are also photos that show that the stones are put using technology. One can only guess how much the monument was changed.
How Stonehenge was built
How to get to Stonehenge
The place is very popular for tourists. Locals sold tourists hammers and other tools with which you can hit a small stone and take home. People considered such stones as a talisman from dark forces. But in 1986 the monument was inscribed on the UNESCO cultural heritage list and it was forbidden to beat off pieces of blocks.
You can get to Stonehenge from the capital of the Kingdom of London in various ways:
Order a tour. But the tour will be limited, and the number of people will be large to consider everything.
By bus to Salisbury. In this case, there will be more time to consider and examine everything.
By train, which runs every hour from Waterloo Station. Salisbury stop.
In the infamous Salisbury, you will have to transfer to a bus and drive another 30 minutes to the place. Many tourists come there on the solstice to celebrate the pagan holiday and feel the magical connection with their ancestors.
Stonehenge is one of the most mysterious places. For many years, scientists have been trying to unravel the mystery of its appearance, and for a long time it will be the object of research by various experts.