History of Golf and Mini Golf
For example, Italians claim that during the time of the Roman Empire, Roman soldiers drove leather balls with sticks bent at the ends to maintain their combat form. This game was called paganica, but it was a team, and it was necessary to beat on a moving ball, so, most likely, hockey came from this game. And on silk scrolls dating back to the era of the Chinese Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), images of women playing suigan were discovered. And according to some assumptions, dealers in Chinese silk could export this game to Europe, where it later became known as golf.
On one of the stained-glass windows of the Glotcher Cathedral (14th century), you can see the image of a man with a stick in his hands, as if preparing for a swing. Presumably the name of this game is cabuca, and it was already known in England at that time. In France, at that time, the game jeu de mail was popular, which was a mixture of billiards, croquet and mini-golf. In England, this game was renamed to pall mall, since it was first played on Pall Mall in London. The goal of the game is to drive a large wooden ball into an iron hoop using a mallet with a long handle.
However, it can be said that Russian bast shoes are also a bit like golf. But the most likely parent of golf was the Danish game kolf, which was first mentioned at the end of the 13th century, and its images can be found in many Danish landscapes of the 15th century. However, as it has now become known, in fact, golf evolved from a game that began in the 15th century on the east coast of Scotland in the Kingdom of Five.
Players hit the stone with a device remotely resembling a club, and thereby moved it along the fields of natural origin, overcoming sand mounds, rabbit traps, animal paths and other obstacles that are an integral part of wildlife. And of course, at that time there was no question of formal tees, the players made the first hit in a meter from the previous hole. Some historians believe that the Dutch game kolven and the Belgian game chole greatly influenced the development of modern golf.
The Scots met with the latter in 1421. However, despite the fact that the main component of these games and countless others like them was a club and a ball, they still lacked one part unique to golf, and this hole is, of course, such a detail. One thing is not in doubt – the game that we know today as golf originated in Scotland.
In the mid-15th century, Scotland prepares to withstand the British invasion. However, the population enthusiastically plays golf and football and completely ignores military training (primarily compulsory archery training), as a result of which in 1457 King James II was forced to ban both sports in an act of the Scottish Parliament. The ban was re-established in 1470 and in 1491, although the people actively ignored it. Only in 1502, after the conclusion of the treaty in Glasgow, the ban was lifted by King James IV (James I of England), who himself took up golf.
The popularity of golf and its status grew rapidly throughout the 16th century, not without support from the Scottish nobility, whose representatives even equipped a seven-hole course in Blackheath. Soon, King Charles I managed to popularize the game, and the Queen of Scotland, Mary, a Frenchwoman by birth, introduced her native France to this game when she arrived there to receive an education. In fact, the term caddy comes from the word cadet – the so-called Queen’s aides, the French military, who monitored the balls, cleared the road ahead and put clubs, because golf bags were invented only in 1870. The first golf course of the time was Leith near Edinburgh. And by the way, Charles I was on the field when the news came of the Irish uprising in 1641. Light also became the venue for the first international golf tournament where the Duke of York and George Patterson, who played for Scotland, defeated two representatives of the English aristocracy.
A new history of golf
The first golf club was opened in 1744 and was named The Gentlemen Golfers of Leith. It held annual competitions with a silver club as the main prize. And it was here that the first set of rules was announced by Duncan Forbes.
One of the thirteen rules governs the “removal of the ball from the water formed on the field.” Later the club was renamed, it became known as the Honorable Company of Edinburgh Golfers (“Honorary Society of Golfers of Edinburgh”), and in 1768 a club house was built on the club’s territory, which in 1836 was moved to Musselburg, Lothian.
The first mention of golf in a historic place called St Andrews dates back to 1552. A little later, the clergy opened access to the holes for everyone.